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30-30 WINCHESTER VS. 30-06 SPRINGFIELD – CARTRIDGE BALLISTICS COMPARISON

30-30 winchester ammo

30-30 Winchester Vs .30-06 Springfield – Cartridge Ballistics Comparison:

There are loads of cartridges available for sale on the market today. If you’re confused about which ammunition cartridge to use in your hunting or shooting competition, then this article will provide you with detailed competition between 30-30 Winchester and .30-06 Springfield. Both cartridges are the top choice for hunting lore and come with a passionate and loyal following. Moreover, both of these ammunition cartridges provide different features of performance in the hunting world. Let’s explore both of these cartridges by getting a better understanding for hunting and target shooting to better choose the best cartridge for the required purpose.

A Brief Lesson in Ammunition History

Before the brief comparison of .30-30 vs .30-06 cartridges, it is important to know a little history of both cartridges. We will also take a look at some of the design specifications of the cartridges and compare the two. We will also list several rounds for each cartridge that we will be comparing throughout the article. As .30-30 is mostly used in lever-action firearms with tubular magazines, so bullets are often only designed with flat or rounded noses to keep from striking the primer of the next round in the magazine.

.30-06 Springfield

The .30-06 (thirty-aught-six) was released in 1906 by the US military and Springfield Armory. It also has a strong sporting history because of its hunting cartridges that are sought after by its velocity, flat trajectory, and power.  trajectory makes it possible to take down a larger game cleanly up to 500 yards. .30-06 is available at any retail store that sells ammunition. Additionally, it has a variety of bullet weights as well as designs that make .30-06 possible to be used in various hunting situations.  Its performance increase with an extremely hot load.

.30-06 Springfield ammunition has been used in several wars including both World Wars, Vietnam was and Korean War. It was perfect ammunition for military purposes, as its simple design helped it to feed smoothly in both bolt actions and semi-automatics. It delivered consistent, accurate, and impressive ballistics. As this ammunition was quite popular after the wars, it is being used as a hunting cartridge after that.

.30-30 Winchester

Unlike .30-06 Springfield Ammunition, .30-30 (thirty-thirty) Winchester does not have a military or war history. Instead, it was designed for civilian sportsmen. Winchester was first used in 1984 lever-action rifle, it was the first cartridge to use smokeless powder. Winchester was released in August 1895 and it was listed as .30 Winchester smokeless powder.

The first versions of .30-30 cartridges came with 160-grain bullets, however, currently, they come with 150 or 170 grains. Moreover, some ammo brands ( Hornady LeverEvolution) are bringing back traditional 160-grain projectiles.

Comparison Between .30-30 Winchester & .30-06 Spriingfield

As both of these .30 caliber cartridges are a top choice of many sellers in the ammo industry. However, there are some significant differences between them. Let’s explore the comparison with different points.

.30-30 Winchester
.30-06 Springfield
Parent Casing
.30-03
Bullet Diameter 0.308” 0.308”
Neck Diameter 0.330” 0.340”
Base Diameter 0.422” 0.471”
Case Length 2.039” 2.494”
Case Capacity 45gr 68gr
Max Pressure (SAAMI) 42,000psi 60,200psi

This is just a bit of comparison that we can do by taking a look at the differences in case and bullet dimensions for each cartridge. You can take a look at distinct differences by simply skimming through the comparison table of these two ammo cartridges. By taking a look at the specification between .30-30 Winchester vs .30-60 Springfield, .30-30 Winchester is a much smaller cartridge than .30-60.

Price: .30-30 Winchester vs .30-60 Springfield

The price of ammunition is often a tricky topic, as affordability is a big factor to some shooters. However, many shooters look for performance rather than the price of ammo.

.30-06 Springfield round costs 15 cents more than .30-30 Winchester. However, deer hunting doesn’t involve high-volume shooting, so the savings on .30-30 over .30-06 is minimal. If you plan to use your ammo for other applications (hunt large game at longer distances), the extra cost of .30-06 cartridges is probably worth the investment. If you’re only interested in hunting at ranges of 100 yards or less, then you can save some money by purchasing the .30-30. However, if you have other applications in mind, the extra performance characteristics of the .30-06 might be worth a few extra dollars.

Ammunition
Price (20 Rounds)
.30-30 Remington Core-Lokt SP 150gr $15.67
.30-30 Winchester Ballistic Silvertip 150gr $22.79
.30-30 Federal Premium Nosler Partition 170gr $31.79
.30-30 Federal Power-Shok Jacketed Hollow Point 125gr $19.49
.30-30 Hornady Monoflex Full Boar 140gr $24.99
.30-06 Federal Vital-Shok Nosler Partition 165gr $39.99
.30-06 Hornady 150gr GMX Superformance $54.07
.30-06 Federal American Eagle FMJ 150gr $19.99
.30-06 Nosler Custom Hand Loaded AccuBond 200gr $65.90
.30-06 Federal Gold Medal Sierra Matchking 168gr $37.99

Recoil

Recoil always has been a major factor in accuracy and performance for any ammunition. When a shooter anticipates the force of recoil, he or she may flinch which leads to inaccuracy. Recoil also affects the shooter’s ability to accurate follow-up shots. .30-06 ammo produces excessive recoil, which is manageable for experienced shooters. On the other hand, .30-30 produces light recoil, making it a great option for new shooters or beginners.

Velocity

The Speed or Velocity of a bullet is the main factor of performance, trajectory, terminal energy transfer, and expansion. .30-06 Springfield comes on the top in terms of speed, it has speeds around 2,500 to 3,000 fps, and .30-30 clocks in speeds between 2,200 to 2,700 fps. If you know the velocity and the weight of the round, then you can have an idea of what numbers will look like for a lot of other performance factors.

Conclusion

Both .30-30 and .30-60 historical hunting cartridges will always be a major part of the hunting world. While both of these cartridges have distinguishable differences in performance, but both ammunitions are best when used in suitable situations. This is the reason this article is meant to help you with, you can easily make a decision on buying either of the ammo which fits your hunting situation.

 

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